Harvard’s Ed Glaeser says Boston might learn something from NY Mayor Bill de Blasio’s call to raise property taxes on vacant lots in the Big Apple, as a way to get land owners off their butts and develop properties.
We have no idea if this is at all applicable to Boston, for we’re admittedly not overly knowledgeable about vacant-lot tax policies and loopholes.
But Glaeser points to this Crain’s New York article to help make his point. From Crain’s:
Call it Exhibit A. On part of an irregularly shaped block in the Highbridge section of the Bronx, a chain-link fence wraps around a three-acre property that has sat vacant for decades. Trees and weeds have run riot, in the process encroaching upon the sidewalks along University Avenue, even as the property’s assessed value in the past decade has quietly soared from $716,000 to $9 million, according to city records.
And yet, because most of the property is zoned for residential use, and is assessed in the same low-density class as single-family homes, the Olnick Organization, which owns the land, pays less than $8,000 annually in property taxes on that residential portion.
Cases like that spurred Public Advocate Bill de Blasio in April to push for tax hikes on vacant land to force owners either to put it to use and build housing or to sell it to those who will. As mayor-elect, Mr. de Blasio is pledging to carry out his idea, which today would affect more than 10,500 lots in the five boroughs, with the largest concentration on Staten Island. The plan, after a five-year phase-in period, would hike yearly rates by an average of $15,300, according to estimates by the Independent Budget Office.
We generally like the idea of developing vacant lots and trying to crack down on long-time absent property owners who let their land deteriorate into derelict eyesores.
But isn’t this also just a way to increase taxes? If you “tax the land, not the buildings,” and yet assess unused land as if there was a certain type of building on it, isn’t that still a form of taxing a building?
Maybe someone can explain this. As we noted above, we’re not overly familiar with Boston’s vacant-lot tax policies.
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Updated: December 2017